What We Do




Digital Journeys

Digitize the lending journey


Enable Account Aggregator (AA) solutions leveraging the power of aggregated data

Who We Are


Cygnet Digital: Leading the Digital Evolution

Welcome to Cygnet Digital, your trusted partner in dynamic digital transformation.

Discover more

Executive Leadership Team

The minds behind our expertise, experience and excellence

Discover more

#WeAreCygnet – One Cygnet

Living the Trust of Career Value of Cygnetians!

Discover more

Trust in Testimonials

Living the Trust of our Clients

Discover more

Cygnet Digital Press Releases and In the News

Find latest news and happenings about Cygnet Digital, a part of Cygnet Infotech.

Discover more

Cygnet Digital's Partner Program

Unlock Your Peak Performance with Partner Connect.

Become a Partner
Reading Time: 3 minutes

Seamless availability of Input Tax Credit (ITC) is the highlight of the GST regime. For any tax regime, the flow of credits is an integral part. It determines the cascading effect of taxes and the tax cost that forms part of each product to the ultimate consumer. Under the GST regime, the law specifies conditions which if fulfilled permits the taxpayer to avail credit. These conditions include

  1. Possessing the tax invoice/ debit note/ any other document as prescribed
  2. The invoice/debit note has been furnished by the supplier in their GSTR-1
  3. The availability of the input tax credit has been communicated to the taxpayer in GSTR-2B and the credit of the same is not specifically restricted.
  4. Receipt of goods and/or services
  5. Tax charged by the supplier has been paid to the government
  6. GST summary return has been furnished

Further, the time limit to avail ITC is the date of furnishing the annual return or the return for the month of November following the end of the financial year. Furthermore, ITC is available only for the furtherance of business and for effecting taxable supplies. There are restrictions on ITC eligibility in respect of certain items such as motor vehicles, works contract services, food, and beverages, health services, etc. (with exceptions available). Additionally, the GST regime has envisaged allowing credits only if they match with the GST paid by the supplier.

Even after unambiguous law and rules were laid down, the Government observed several instances of claiming fake ITC based on bogus invoicing. This led to tightening of rules and laws to ensure only eligible ITC is being availed. Some of these rules are:

  • Rule 36(4) of CGST Rules, 2017: As per this rule, a taxpayer is only allowed to avail ITC to the extent it is reflected in GSTR 2B.
  • Rule 38 of the CGST Rules, 2017: ITC can be availed only to the extent is it not restricted.
  • Rule 86A grants power to the proper officer to restrict the use of ITC from the Electronic Credit Ledger (ECL) in specified cases which includes that the officer has a reason to believe that credit has been fraudulently availed or is ineligible.

With multiple rules and regulations in place, ITC provisions have become one of the most complex issues of the GST regime. It has become a task to decode all these provisions and apply them in everyday transactions. Thus, here is a checklist of the items for taxpayers in respect of ITC provisions:

  1. Follow the law closely to determine the ITC that is eligible. Special attention needs to be paid to the items on which ITC is blocked by the law itself. Such ITC should not be availed in the first place.
  2. Conduct ITC reconciliations activities monthly.
  3. Check if all vendor payments are made within 180 days or not. In case the vendor payments get spilt beyond 180 days, the ITC needs to be reversed along with interest as applicable.
  4. Check if ITC availed is only in respect of business supplies and taxable supplies. Any ITC that pertains to exempt or non-business should be reversed. Reversals are also required in case of capital goods that are sold five years from the date of purchase.
  5. Review the ITC in respect of payments made under the reverse charge mechanism.
  6. In the case of multiple state-wise registrations of the same entity, if ITC is received at a common head office, such ITC needs to be distributed to the relevant GSTINs.
  7. Most organizations do not avail ITC of bank charges; however, it may be noted that no such restrictions have been prescribed by the law.
  8. In the case of taxpayers who have taxable supplies of more than INR 50 lakhs, the applicability of Rule 86B needs to be checked.
  9. Check if ITC has been restricted by any rate notifications, for instance, real estate, restaurant, etc.

The above list is a broad checklist. However, there are multiple aspects that need verification for availment of ITC and hence this list can only be indicative in nature.

Why verification of ITC is important?

Incorrect availment of ITC can lead to penal consequences. The interest exposure can also go as high as 24% in case of the wrong availment of ITC. Hence, while the pecuniary cost is pinching, the litigation and time cost that may arise due to notices being issued cannot be neglected.

However, there is a wide discussion raging on the correctness of linking a buyer’s ITC with the condition of a supplier’s tax payment and filing of return. The argument being that credit is a buyer’s substantive right and should be available without any conditions attached especially conditions that are beyond any buyer’s control. Multiple petitions in various High Courts are pending on this aspect.

How can Technology help?

From the above backdrop, it is clear that ITC is a prone area to mistakes, errors, and frauds. Hence, it is important to have the right checks and balances in place. Technology can come to one’s rescue as far as availing appropriate ITC is concerned. The ASP solutions available have multi-layered checks and verification points which enable any taxpayer to avail ITC without any doubts. Whether it is adhering to Rule 36(4) and Rule 38 requirements or checking vendor aging or carrying out reconciliations, technology is geared up to handle it!

Komal Vithalani

Komal Vithalani

Content Writer

Komal Vithalani, a Chartered Accountant and Commerce graduate, is a dedicated professional committed to delivering value with years of expertise in navigating the complexities of indirect tax laws. Her practical excellence includes managing perplexed litigations, dispensing tactical tax advice, conducting thorough compliance checks, supervising audits, and crafting articulate and insightful content. At Cygnet, Komal seamlessly blends her profound understanding of tax regulations with cutting-edge tax technology. Leveraging her competence, she adeptly transforms complex tax tech jargon into concise, impactful, and engaging content. This not only aids readers in comprehending tax-related topics with enlightening clarity but also ensures the delivery of narratives that resonate broadly.

Get in touch

Jash Welcome

    I agree to the Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy and allow Cygnet Digital to contact me via email or phone call.*
    I agree to receive occasional product updates and promotional messages on WhatsApp / Email / SMS.